Tuesday, November 25, 2014

Research and Reading Homework. From Mike Lohre


Sometimes in the consumer culture we can really lose the meaning of events and the past.  Is Thanksgiving about food?  Black Friday? The Michigan game?  Yes, it's become all these things.  But it has an original story.

Do a little research and try to answer at least two of these questions about the historical roots of Thanksgiving.  I will assign one of them to you and the other is up to you:

  1. Why did the Pilgrims leave England?  Who were they?
  2. How did they travel and what challenges did they face on the journey?
  3. Where did they settle and why?
  4. What challenges did they face in the first years here?  What was the famous starving time? 
  5. How did Native Americans and settlers work together?
  6. What conflicts did Native Americans and settlers both face? What conflicts happened between races?
  7. What might have been the foods enjoyed in those first Thanksgivings?

Post your discoveries and share what you learned in the Comments section of this post.

My guess it that you won't be able to read this without being really moved.  It's an incredible and true story.   


Thursday, November 20, 2014

Feedback for Tony and Danny: Jackie Robinson

For your comments on Presentations:

Write about something well done.  What did you learn from this group?  What part of the Presentation seemed the best?

Is there constructive criticism that would help this group?  What might have been more clear?  What part of the Presentation seemed the least polished?

Post comments for this group below this post, please, as we all need feedback, and it's valuable.

Feedback for Jarrod and Jess: 1968 Black Power salute

For your comments on Presentations:

Write about something well done.  What did you learn from this group?  What part of the Presentation seemed the best?

Is there constructive criticism that would help this group?  What might have been more clear?  What part of the Presentation seemed the least polished?

Post comments for this group below this post, please, as we all need feedback, and it's valuable.

Feedback for Jenn and Emelia: Marilyn Monroe

For your comments on Presentations:

Write about something well done.  What did you learn from this group?  What part of the Presentation seemed the best?

Is there constructive criticism that would help this group?  What might have been more clear?  What part of the Presentation seemed the least polished?

Post comments for this group below this post, please, as we all need feedback, and it's valuable.

Tuesday, November 18, 2014

Feedback for Bree and Nathan: Upton Sinclair

For your comments on Presentations:

Write about something well done.  What did you learn from this group?  What part of the Presentation seemed the best?

Is there constructive criticism that would help this group?  What might have been more clear?  What part of the Presentation seemed the least polished?

Post comments for this group below this post, please, as we all need feedback, and it's valuable.

Feedback for Jon and Cory (Ansel Adams)

For your comments on Presentations:

Write about something well done.  What did you learn from this group?  What part of the Presentation seemed the best?

Is there constructive criticism that would help this group?  What might have been more clear?  What part of the Presentation seemed the least polished?

Post comments for this group below this post, please, as we all need feedback, and it's valuable.

Feedback for Mary and Tori: Woodstock

For your comments on Presentations:

Write about something well done.  What did you learn from this group?  What part of the Presentation seemed the best?

Is there constructive criticism that would help this group?  What might have been more clear?  What part of the Presentation seemed the least polished?

Post comments for this group below this post, please, as we all need feedback, and it's valuable.

Feedback for Chandler and Nick: Bill Cosby

For your comments on Presentations:

Write about something well done.  What did you learn from this group?  What part of the Presentation seemed the best?

Is there constructive criticism that would help this group?  What might have been more clear?  What part of the Presentation seemed the least polished?

Post comments for this group below this post, please, as we all need feedback, and it's valuable.

Feedback for Haia and Kelen: Wilma Rudolph

For your comments on Presentations:

Write about something well done.  What did you learn from this group?  What part of the Presentation seemed the best?

Is there constructive criticism that would help this group?  What might have been more clear?  What part of the Presentation seemed the least polished?

Post comments for this group below this post, please, as we all need feedback, and it's valuable.

Feedback for Nate and Mitch: Tupac

For your comments on Presentations:

Write about something well done.  What did you learn from this group?  What part of the Presentation seemed the best?

Is there constructive criticism that would help this group?  What might have been more clear?  What part of the Presentation seemed the least polished?

Post comments for this group below this post, please, as we all need feedback, and it's valuable.

Thursday, November 13, 2014

Exploration 6 by Jarrod Mautz

The film Fresh by Ana Sofia Joanea brings up many interesting points concerning industrial farming and its affects on the surrounding environment vs. sustainable farmers and its pros and cons. The film also does an outstanding job bringing out facts and testimonials from professors and farmers who have been both industrial and sustainable farmers. I thought the film was very eye opening. The movie really nailed home the differences between cheap food produced from industrial farms vs organic food that is produced by local sustainable farmers. It also did an exceptional job showing the dangers and problems that come with industrial farming.

During the beginning of the documentary one of the professors recalls a conversation he had with his Pakistani roommate in college. His friend talks about how in Pakistan, most if not all the food they ate was freshly grown; he then goes on to say "Americans fear inconvenience." This quote became crucial to the documentary because if Americans weren't so reliant on convenience whether financial or physical, many of the problems with our agricultural system would not exist. Companies are so concerned with quantity instead of quality that they have become unconcerned to the quality of the soil and surrounding environment. Therefore, Industrial Farmers (corporate) create "Monocultures" to increase productivity. However, these monocultures can become very deadly amongst crops and livestock, because there is either a lack or surplus of waste left. For instance, on a farm where they only grow cows for companies, there is a surplus of manure since cows give off at least as much waste as a human per day. Therefore, when you are dealing with 4000+ cows it becomes pretty hard to get rid of this excess. Therefore, the manure becomes more and more concentrated, and diseases start to occur and mutate; which then makes farmers buy and inject each cow with antibiotics and other chemicals to keep them healthy.

Professor John Ikerd a agricultural economist stated that "Industrial Agricultural Systems are unsustainable."
Another Professor who is a sustainable farmer in rural Virginia stated "Nature doesnt like monocultures, so one way or another it will find a way to destroy them." Both quotes show the disapproval of industrial systems and monocultures and how important of a topic it is.

TED Talks Listen/Read Homework, from Mike

Here is a link to the TED presentation we watched in class:


Here is a link to the list of TED talks so you can find one that you are interested in to watch/read this weekend.


Here's the prompt from your assignmetns for Tuesday:

Watch and actively listen to a Ted Talk presentation of your choice.  See links above.  In the Comments section, write a response:
First, summarize the main ideas and purpose in this talk so we know what it was about. 
Then analyze: how does the speaker use PowerPoint or other media?  What does this speaker do well to convince you?  What might have been better?

Brainstorm ideas for Essay Three Homework from Mike Lohre

Please post your 3 good topic ideas for Essay 3 here in the Comments section, and tell us which of the three you are leaning toward doing or most excited about right now.


Presenation groups and order

uTuesday, Nov. 18 (6 groups)
uNate and Mitch: Tupac
uHaia and Kelen: Wilma Rudolph
uChandler and Nick: Bill Cosby
uMary and Tori: Woodstock
uJon and Cory (Ansel Adams)
uBree and Nathan: Upton Sinclair
uThursday, Nov. 20 (3 groups)
uJenn and Emelia: Marilyn Monro
uJarrod and Jess: 1968 Black Power salute
uTony and Danny: Jackie Robinson

Monday, November 10, 2014

Exploration 6 by Nate Allen

Throughout the first half of the documentary I thought that the idea of sustainable farming was nice but how could it support an entire country. To believe that a local farmers market could supply food for an entire town is a stretch at best. There are many problems with each, I lean towards the sustainable farming techniques because the product is fresh and was raised without the use of antibiotics and fertilizers that kill the living part of the soil, so I do believe that sustainable farming is the better of the two.

The reasoning behind my choice is the fact that the mass producing methods for food like feed lots, chicken houses, and mono cultures of corn and soybeans are not natural on Earth so that is why diseases and famine happen when companies put these animals and plants so closely together. They also contaminate the space that is used, replanting corn and soy beans kills the living parts of the soil. Russ Kremer had the incident where he had a hog farm that was packed closely together and he experienced disease and had to exterminate every hog in the farm and also tear down the building itself because of the contamination.

The most daunting subject matter in the film for me had to be feedlots. Feedlots pose so many problems for the environment such as the waste from butchered animals, when the animals are butchered the remains are drained into a large landfill or feed to other animals. Dead cows are feed to the living cows which is unnatural for herbivores and the only reason that these animals are staying alive in these feedlots is because of the use of antibiotics.

George Naylor said in the beginning of the film that "Americans fear one thing and that is inconvenience" and I believe this to be true. As Americans we have everything at our disposal whether it be internet on our phones, food deliveries, or buying stuff online we are always looking for the most convenient option. Michael Pollan said "you always get what you pay for" which is very true when it comes to food. You pay a lot for food quality and it will be the most natural and healthier option, but if you decide to take shortcuts you will receive a product that is not natural and has been processed. You always get what you pay for no matter what

Sunday, November 9, 2014

Exploration 6: Mary Knab


Fresh by Sofia Joanes,is a well put together documentary on our food industry and the way farmers have evolved throughout the years. While watching the film, there was a common factor of all the industries, humans and their demand for food. George Naylor says that "Americans fear only one thing...inconvenience." It's true, Americans want "fast" and "convenient" food because it's easier but they aren't thinking of the bigger picture. That really makes you think about all the stores and fast food restaurants, what is in my food? We should know what we are putting into our own mouths. Everything matters when it comes to the outcome of the food. Where the animals are living, what they are eating,and how they are being taken care of. One of the major problems farmers are seeing with farming is monoculture's. Monoculture's are when animals are bred in the same environment and the conditions are unhealthy and not natural.

Throughout this movie I was considering a lot about my own life. What do I eat and consume everyday? Is the chicken I bought at Wendy's, healthy chicken. Is that chicken being taken care of? Is that animal eating healthy and are antibiotics consuming his body? It's crazy how much America surrounds themselves around fast food restaurants and junk food. The only unfortunate thing about farming is that it takes a lot more work than farms that use pesticides. Even though the work is harder than just taking the easy route the end result is much better and healthier for you. Joel Salatin a writer and farmer said that "Everything has a job". What he is saying that there is a lot more to worry about when farming naturally. You must be prepared for anything and everything. Mr and Mrs Fox in the documentary focused on this as well. They informed us on the actual hardship of owning and running a farm.

One of the most influential parts of the documentary is when Will Allen was describing how his animals and plants are all natural due to the beneficial natural bacteria in their food. If more people would be more interested in the long run and not worry about what is more convenient and what is easier for their lives American would be a more healthy place.  The way people chose junk over real meat, like the movie said, "I want to know where my meat is coming from and even if it has a name than have a drug infested chicken for dinner".

Fresh and doctumentarys are changing the way Americans and people of the world look upon fast food. Obesity and health problems will soon change due to people being more informed. Not only is natural farming better but can be a lot cheaper. Russ Kramer who is a pig farm owner, Ozark Mountain Pork Cooperative said "he saved 14,000 in the first year he stopped using antibiotics/drugs on his pigs" Saving money, and being healthy can soon be what America is known for. Educating people on this issue is the first way to make a change. Farming is a hard thing to do and humans take that for granted, before you stuff your face with a big mac think about where that meat is coming from. One change can change your life.

Exploration 6

It is always the case that when you have too much of something it can become a problem. Convenience in the food industry is no different. A huge problem with the American food industry as it sits today is in the fact that everything is run by large corporations, striving for convenience to maximize profit. In the documentary "Fresh" attention was brought to the problems these big business choke holds are adding to the market, and what more traditional farmers have done to fight back. With interviews and monologue from a variety of sources from natural hog farmers, to professional author and journalist, Michael Pollan Fresh provided significant evidence to back their claims.With credible sources and a clear message "Fresh" was a well put together film that brought light to many topics that not everyone may be aware of.

Using a variety of credible sources Fresh was able to convey its message of the problems arising in the food industry very effectively. A key source used throughout the film is Michael Pollan. Pollan is a critically acclaimed author, who has written several books on the topic of the food industry in America making him a credible resource. He has also a contributing writer for the New York Times Magazine and a Professor of Journalism at University of California Berkley Graduate School for Journalism. An attribute that makes Fresh a well put together documentary is that it also provides sources from people who are right in the heart of the active fight against industrial food production. Fresh introduces one farmer named Russ Kremer who tells his story of a near death experience after being infected by a pig, and the story of how he converted to more traditional ways of farming as a result of his experience. Russ' story allows for a first hand introduction to an important problem caused by conventional farming, disease.

A huge problem that was briefly discussed in Fresh was that of antibiotic resistant disease. Antibiotic resistant disease is when disease is able to survive after being exposed to one or more antibiotics. When animals become confined into monocultures the risk and occurrence of disease increases significantly. With such high disease rates, farmers must use large amounts of antibiotics in order to keep their livestock alive. Increased use of antibiotics in these animals has allowed for specific diseases to be able to mutate and evolve into a pathogen that is incurable with the antibiotics that farmers typically would use. A number of antibiotics have even been banned in most countries due to the severity of risk involved in the development of antibiotic resistant disease with use of those drugs. With non conventional farming techniques the risk for these antibiotic resistant diseases is reduced a lot. As non conventional farmer George Naylor puts it "all these diseases are nature screaming to us "enough"". With the increase of resistant disease in livestock the spread of resistant disease to humans has also increased. With this problem has come a market for "antibiotic free" foods but this market is small and unlikely to change due to entrenched industry wide practices involved in industrial farming.

In the documentary Michael Pollan says "Cheap food is an illusion". In saying this Pollan is bringing up the point that, like most things, you get what you pay for in the food industry. In essence this quote sums up a major theme of the film. Industrial food production has allowed for food to be made cheaper and quicker, however it comes at the cost of the consumers health. Industrial farming has allowed for increase in disease and also compromises the quality of the food we eat. Fresh shows examples of more traditional ways of farming as well as the benefits of doing so which allows for a solution to the growing problem of industrial farming. As consumers if we show willingness to pay a little more for our food then we can slow the problematic ways of industrial farming an allow for better quality in our food as well as a lessen the impact on the environment caused by unnatural growing practices.

Exploration 6-Emilia Martin

In the documentary "Fresh" it discusses is the issue of fertilization sanitation and how it effects the crops or produce of country farmers. Many of the farms in the US used to be run by the means of the farmer, what he wanted to do and how he wanted to grow. Nowadays, the industry has taken over how most farmers raise their crops or their animals, all in order to mass produce and get the biggest bang for their buck; basically generate as much crop as possible to sell. The industry will do whatever it needs to gain the most production and profit the most money, even if it means putting fertilizers and antibiotics that are not necessarily the most beneficial to the crops. However, some farmers have broken away from the industry and what they are trying to do and end up growing their farms the way they used to, in a more 'healthy' and substantial way. The food industry focuses too much on the how much is produced instead of how production is done, disrespecting the nature of the crops and causing problems with the produce.

The only way to grow so much so fast is the use of pesticides, fertilizers, and antibiotics which as a result of using these leaves nature to destroy itself and depend on those chemicals to grow. One example from the documentary of this, where industry forced these chemicals into farms is with Russ Kramer and his hog farm. He said "the industry is all about production and wants to be able to push more and more in", which holds true when he had to change the way he raised his pigs by using mutated strains in antibiotics for his animals. One day a pig jabbed his tusk in Russ's knee, who naturally played it off as no big deal. Two weeks later it was really inflamed and throbbing so he went to the doctor and found he had a strep infection. Luckily he used a new generation drug that saved his life. He discovered that his pigs were dying within days of TGE disease. He ended up killing off his entire heard and started his entire farm all over again from scratch--not using the antibiotics from the industries. He ended up saving over $14,000 in doing so.

The way older farms were raised is by the logic in the cycle that animals will feed the plants and the plants with feed the animals. What the industry has taken away from local farms is this cycle and has replaced it with chemicals to help mass produce products. By using the herbicides and other chemicals, it destroys the nature of the crop and damages the soil and messes with the Ph levels and destroys the hummus layer of the earth which is necessary for growing. By using 100,000+ tons of herbicides we lose 90% of diversity in the crop and soil that is needed. "If we take care of the grass the grass will take care of the animals" said the Founder and Execuive Director of Center for Food Safety, Andrew Kimbrell.So if we focus on the nature of the grass and keeping it healthy without the use of pesticides it will ultimately produce better products that aren't harmful to the environment.

Thursday, November 6, 2014

Eploration 6- Cory Smith

How often do you stop to think what you're eating? Where did it come from? Most likely never, if it looks good to us, we eat it. The film Fresh will change your view and how you look at food from now on. In the beginning of the film a soy bean farmer named George Naylor talked about how Americans in general just want to get things done fast and efficiently. Naylor talked about his Pakistani friend who said, "Americans fear inconvenience." This is so true because all we ever do is just, "want want want."

Many of the produce we buy in stores is genetically made. This causes animals to grow bigger and faster. This is called hybrid breeding. Mr. and Mrs. Fox, farmers out of Arkansas raise chicken for Tyson. They just grow the chickens and are given the feed. It is unknown as to what is in the feed. I see this now as a problem. We should all care what they are eating. Although that seems like a good thing, these animals are completely different from normal raised livestock.You get what you pay for. Naturally produced crops are way more expensive but you are also getting way more value for the buck.

There are so many different farmers with different views within their farming. Some farmers will feed their livestock their own dead animals because it is considered,"cheap farming." You don't know if if these animals were sick or what was put into these animals. In the end there are many shortcuts to get the most profit but I believe it is important to know what we are putting into our bodies.

In industrial farms today the nutrient cycle is non existent.If more farmers could put this back into use, we would see much more good nutrients in our foods. If they had this all in place there would be no need for chemicals to be used. The beneficial bacteria in the soil will be enough to grow some of the best crops.

There are very few places that you can find produce that has no chemicals in the process of producing it. Most soil at farms are incapable of producing anything without the use of chemicals to enrich the soil. If we can grow healthy soil with good bacteria, without chemicals would produce fresher and more nutritious. A pig farmer named Russ Kramer ended the film saying, "we can change the entire food system, one farmer, one consumer at a time." Encompassing the entire purpose of the film. If we are more educated about this subject, more would be done to step up and get all farms around the world to produce healthier produce. We need more farmers like Kramer and consumers who will value what they are eating, it's only then that we will live in a healthier world.

Fresh-Jonathan Shim

Would you eat the things you do, if you knew exactly where the food came from? In today's supermarket driven food supply world, local organic farmers are getting lost in the mix not being able to keep up with the industrial movement. Whenever individual need to gain access to a food source, we tend to go towards the foods we want, instead of thinking about where the food came from or how the food was made, and/or processed. "Americans fear only one thing, inconvenience", this was said by a George Naylor's foreign friend who was observing American's behavior. To fix the problem of not knowing exactly where we got our food, or how it was processed we must educate ourselves, and fix the problem of industrial farming.

When industrial farming started its upcoming, many farmers had no choice in whether or not to go industrial or stay organic. To continue being farmers, and to be economically stable, farmers had to go into change into a mono-cultural farm that specialized in one product. Taking out the multicultural farms led to the farms losing the nutrient cycle of plants and animals to work together. Which ultimately led to diseases and an abundant source of a single organism bacteria with nothing preventing the spread, killing many livestock of farms. The only prevention being the use of expensive antibacterial medicines, and continue use of antibacterial medicine because of how the bacteria is in such a high concentration that they are continually adapting to all sorts of medicine. Only a handful of farmers were able to stay organic farmers, and ended up finding out that without the use of all the new technology and medicines in mono-cultural farms, organic farms found it to be cheaper to stay organic. The organic farmers also found out that mother nature automatically uses the nutrient cycle to produce health livestock and crops, so organic farmers now mimic the natural cycle of life, how animals and plants rely on one another, and apply it in there farms. Proving that organic farms can produce just as much produce as an industrial farm. Now it's just up to the consumer to change there ways, so that we can have organic products available to everyone for a cheap price.

George Naylor's, a local farmer, had a foreign friend that once said, "Americans fear only one thing, inconvenience". This fact is true, especially when considering our willingness to change. The facts for why we should go back to the way our ancestors farmed are all there and have been proven to work. We as consumers must have the willingness to change for the start of a healthy food source that is higher in nutrients. Russ Kremer, a diversified family farmer and manager of Heritage Foods, said that, "We can change the entire food System, one farmer, one consumer, at a time." George Naylor also went on to say that in his lifetime he has seen the food industry change, and he believes that just how fast it changed, the industry can change back.

The idea of having the nutrient cycle be apart of our farms, and do all the work of fertilization, and breaking up bacteria has been lost in the industrialization of farms. If you add the nutrient cycle back in, we will be able to spend less on the prevention of disease, and more time in the nutrient of our foods. The nutrient cycle has been the main factor of organic farmers having an economical advantage over the industrial farmers, who have to by different fertilizers, insect repellents, medicines, and technology to use all the different things.

Exploration 6

While watching the film Fresh, it made me think a lot about the food that I eat. Most of the people in the documentary were farmers that were farming organic products, and animals, with no added pesticides or chemicals. One of the farmers Will Allen talked a lot about how people don't really know what is in the food that they buy and eat everyday. There was a lady towards the end that said her husband would always ask her, "Do you know what's in that?", to something she was eating, and she would always tell him to shut up, because they were hungry and didn't really care what is in it. I began to think about all the things that I eat, and how I have never really thought about what is in the things that I am eating, or how it came to be in the store, or restaurant that I bought it in. After learning all the facts and seeing everything that the people in this documentary had to say, I am ready to start learning more about where the food I eat is coming from, and how it go there.

A big part of what, to me, was a big issue was when they talked about the monoculture, and how when you have the same species of something growing together you can have so many problems concerning health for everyone involved in it.George Naylor talked about the fertility problem. That when you take the animals out of the equation and just grow the food, you ultimately kill the soil you're working with, and then you have to put more chemicals into the soil to get it to grow, and that causes pollution for the environment, so it's a lose-lose for everyone. But Naylor did also say that "You produce the most to survive." Which does make sense, they need to keep working, and making money, and with other people doing it for so much cheaper, the temptation would be overwhelming. 

But it is dangerous, and I don't think the risk outweighs the reward. When Russ Kremer told his story about being stabbed in the knee with a hogs husk, and how no medicine for usual strep was able to heal him, was particularly scary. If the pig had something like that who is to say whether or not another one somewhere does, and it ends up on someone's plate?

I thought that the Good Natured Family Farms that was started by Diana Endicort is a great idea, and more people should do that. I believe that it should become more well-known and that people should know that they can buy their groceries at a store that will tell them exactly where it came from. That there will be no added pesticides, or anything dangerous. People, in my opinion, will feel more healthy about themselves, and what they're eating. I plan on paying more attention to what I am eating, and where it came from.

Exploration 6 Chandler Fullenkamp

Fresh review

Before watching the film, Fresh, I knew that factory farming and conventional farming was not good for the environment and for us humans too.  Food is the basis for everything because what we put into our bodies is what we get out.  Watching this film expanded my knowledge so I know more about about the consequences of conventional farming.   I think we should end factory farming and conventional farming techniques and go back to unconventional farming because it benefits the Earth, us and the animals.

Professor John Ikerd, an agricultural economist said, "Americans only fear inconvenience."  This is why we are resorting to chemicals, fertilizers, and unhealthy living conditions for the animals so it is easier and less labor is required for the farmers.  In some buildings on these factory farms can hold up to 118,000 chickens and for pigs, around 2400.  And these buildings are small compared to others.  Professor John Ikerd also said, " We are obsessed with productivity."  We would rather have an abundant amount of food and put anything in the ground to make that happen.   We feel like since we don't have a sufficient amount of food that we need to increase our productivity but we actually just need to go back to unconventional farming.

In the film they interview a couple who own a family farm that had to turn to conventional farming to keep up with labor and competition.  They are under a franchise with Tyson chicken so Tyson provides the feed for the chickens.  When asked what was in the feed, they responded by saying do not know what is in it.  You would think if it was healthy that they would promote what is in the feed.  Speaking of chemicals and fertilizers, they aren't even necessary for growth.  A organic farmer from Maryland, Will Allen, uses no fertilizers or chemicals on his products because he lets nature's process do all the work.  Using chemicals and fertilizers, as well as hormones, only hurts the animals and the Earth.  Over time, the chemicals deplete the soil's fertility, forcing us to use more chemicals to make it habitable.  Through out the whole film, all the farmers who don't use any chemicals had no disease in their livestock.  But the ones that do use chemicals have to kill part of their livestock just to hope to prevent it spreading to the other animals.  Not to mention that since the animals are living so close to each other in the animal compound buildings, that just makes it easier for the diseases to spread.

Russ Kremer is natural hog farmer that went from unconventional farming just like the other couple to conventional farming to keep up with the competition.  His whole herd of hogs were all diseased. He said one day one of the males hit him with its tusk and cut his knee open.  After a couple weeks, his legs got infected with the same disease as the pigs and almost died.  After that health scare, he went back to unconventional farming and hasn't looked back yet. 

The only problem with organic food is that it costs more that supermarket food. The way it goes though is that you get what you pay for. A benefit of having higher prices is that the workers get paid more, which  they deserve because they have to put in their effort to have great products.  The workers on Russ Kremer's farm get paid very well which is why he said they have a stack of applications.  He said, "Our farmers are making $14, $15 an hour with full health benefits."   

Exploration 6: Jess Miller

'Thinking about what we are eating'

"Americans fear only one thing.. inconvenience." this quote from Iowa farmer George Naylor made me stop and think for a second.  Is this really what our generation and economy has come to?  Inconvenience?  Getting things done faster and in an easier way?  Is it all about getting things done quicker and not putting any thought into it?  Well, in the film Fresh by Sofia Joanes, my eyes were opened to how important a "good" farmer is and how extremely neccessary they are in our time.  We NEED farmers but we must have GOOD farmers who take their time and get things done the right way.
Mr. and Mrs. Fox were an elderly couple that were dedicated to what they do and they believe if you're going to be a farmer then you must be dedicated to that job for it is very controlling over your life.  Being a farmer takes a lot of time and effort.  Mr. and Mrs. Fox made it clear to the auidence that in order to be  farmer, you must in fact be prepared to the cost of everything, it isn't all about making money.  In order to be a good and successful farmer, you need to be prepared to provide water, electricity, labor costs, shelter, food for the animals, etc.  In order to raise the chickens and get them to their much needed four pounds, then you need to be able to achieve this.  Mr. and Mrs. Fox also said that in the end, they really rely on the the companies to get them the chickens on time and make sure that they are in good shape. 
Will Allen was one of the main characters in this film and he made it clear to the audience that no chemicals are used in any of his produce or meat due to the beneficial bacteria in these particular foods.  Monoculture is when a lot of the same species grow together (i.e. animals and plants) and this allows the meat to not only form it's only flavors, but it also contain it's own bacteria once it's fully developed. 
Fresh is a story of making a difference in the world.  There are many things from this film that are very inspiring.  For instance, Russ Kramer who is a pig farmer and owner of Ozark Mountain Pork Cooperative in Missouri who said that he saved "$14,000 in the first year he stopped using antibiotics/drugs on his pigs".  Also, Joel Salatin, a farmer from Virginia who believes that chickens should be allowed to "fully express their chicken-ness".  These two quotes to me mean that farmer is most a talent than a job.  There is so much that farming entails and it is a true art.

Exploration 6, Jenn Peddicord

       In the film Fresh by Ana Sofia Jones, it is continually talks about better, healthier and more natural ways to grow, maintain and sell produce and livestock with out the use of antibiotics. I found this film to be extremely informative as well as convicting in regards to my eating and buying habits as fair as poultry and vegatables. One topic discussed in the film was the idea of buying and selling locally. Buying and selling locally not only helps prepare communities from outbreaks and epidemics in our food, but supports our local farmers, who give us truth and insight to their ways of farming, unlike many of the franchises we buy from weekly.
Author, Michael Pollan said, "Americans fear one thing: inconvenience." He goes on to say that we as humans want more and more food, not faced but the shortcuts that may be taken in order to make that happen. Many of the top food production franchises give the minimal amount of information required legally, as far what goes into and what the process of making this food looks like. Stuart B.Levy, a doctor who has researched this topic frequently over the years, says his estimation for the amount of antibiotics used each year is anywhere from 15-17 million pounds. See link for more information, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/meat/safe/overview.html . Another question brought up against organic and local farming
       It is often said that buying organically or from local farmers cost more. While that statement can be true, you are not being charged for the chemicals and production costs to produce your food, you are being charged for the quality. "Cheap food is an illusion," said Founder and Executive Director of the Center for food safety, Andrew Kimbrell. We live in a world where we are easily angered by having to go the extra mile.What people don't realize is that we live in a world that thrives on supply and demand. If more people start to pay attention to what and where the food we are eating comes from and goes through, until it is placed in our shopping carts, then the demand for naturally grow and locally owned food will go up. If we as a community start to join the Buy Organic, Buy Local "movement", and make it start to be the "norm" we will no longer be shell-shocked by prices. We know what we are paying for and its quality, not quantity.

Exploration 6

Through out the movie fresh, I was lead in a direction to believe that large corporations are supplying people with food that is unhealthy and less nutritious than that produced by local farmers. I am in favor of all the local farmers who produce good organic crops without the use of GMOs and the use of antibiotics in animals, ETC. Crops and livestock are mishandled because the people taking care of them are more worried about how cheap everything is, not necesarilly about the health of the animals or the nutrients that the give to the consumers.

My choice comes from a segment in the video where they show basically the abuse of animals in chicken houses, feed lots, and where they raise some cows and pigs. They put 200,000 baby chicken in a barn and let them eat out of a single food line. This opened my eyes because these animals are fed food whose only purpose is to get the chickens to grow extremely fast. Disease runs rampant in these kinds of living conditions. They also showed a pig farm where they house 24000 pigs. This stuck out to me because they talked about where the waste of all these animals goes while they are crammed into a little barn. they stated that the bacteria created by these kinds of farms can actually be fatal to humans.

 One farmer that stuck out to me was Russ Kramer. Initially in his farming career he would use antibiotics on his livestock to prevent diseases. As he went along he started to notice that the antibiotics were dangers and only caused larger diseases that cant be affected by the antibiotics. After Russ came to this realization he quit using antibiotics and saved more than 14,000 dollars in the first year. Andrew Kimbrell used a couple of quotes that really stuck out to me. While in a conversation about big industry he said that "industrialized food is cheaper but far less nutritious" also a little later he said that " you get what you pay for" while referring to what people buy in the super market.

Good Nature Family farms really stuck out to me because i believe this world could use more people like this in the world. Dianne Endcott is the founder of this and she started a supermarket made mostly of local farmers products. She gets meat from farmers who use natural ways to raise and feed cattle. Also she gets the freshest crops that are made in ways so that they preserve all the nutrients, This reall stuck out to me because if more people started to do this it could maybe change the way people look at food and all the fresh food would make people more healthy.

Exploration 6

The film we watched in class over the past few days I found to be very interesting and educating.  Fresh touches base on how unhealthy most of the populations eating habits are and what subtle differences we can make to change our lifestyles for the better.  I agree with the viewpoint that  the film took.  Because I have grown up eating mostly organic due to my fathers preference, I have come to believe that eating organically is the way to go.  Fresh did a very good job of further educating me on the topic of organic foods.

Today in America, the goal is to produce as much food as possible as efficiently as we can.  Industrialized farming uses mono-cultures to grow and handle mass species.  This method is not found found in nature and because of the large quantity of animals and crowding, many have come to see this method of farming as inhumane.  "Nature will destroy mono-cultures" said by a farmer by the name of George Naylor.  That meant that because of unnatural ways of breeding and genetic alters, he animals were significantly more susceptible to death and disease. Another huge problem that occurs within mono-cultures is infertility.

Russ Kremer, a natural hog farmer, shared a lot in the film about what would happen if you put too many hogs in one place.  He had tried a more industrialized method and his pigs broke out in disease, which left him with the terrible obligation to kill the rest of the pigs off because they were infected.  The disease spread due to the feed that the animals were taking in.  After discovering this issue he changed his methods of raising the hogs and they ended up living to 14 years.  Another farmer by the name of  Andrew Kimball believed that "If you want to feed the world, don't become industrialized" because they industries are not out to make us healthier, they're out to make a profit.

A man named Will Allen brought in healthy food from his farm to better the lives of the people in his community. In doing this, he taught a lot of people about the importance of eating healthy and growing crops the right way.  The film did a very good job of educating its audience of the importance of healthy living and organic foods.

Exploration 6: Tony Frantz

The Fresh documentary left me with a mixed review on the subject of industrial and organic farming. There were many given arguments and facts stated by the organic farmers that really gave me an eye-opening message of what am I really putting into my body. The visual display of industrial farms left me with sort of a disgusting/sickening feeling, as they showed how the animals are treated and prepped before slaughtered and used for mass quantity feeding. Although organic farming seems to be the best and healthiest way to go about farming, it seems almost impossible to supply the needs of the US population in terms of quantity.

While watching the documentary Fresh, many eye capturing scenes really stuck with me. In the opening scenes of Fresh, I had seen baskets full of baby chickens at the Tyson chicken farm, crammed into tight little boxes, later being thrown onto the ground from about 4 ft. high as if the chicken were as equal to a pile of dirt. The Tyson chicken farm as well as many of the other nation wide farms, use a method where there is no variation used to farm, which is known as monoculture farming. This practice of farming leads to warehouses either full of pigs, chickens, and cows to raise them in large quantities, feeding them genetically modified food and sometimes the animals own species as food. Chickens were shown packed into tiny little cages with their beaks and claws cut off, as they would stay in the cage all day and produce large amounts off eggs. These eggs are not 100% natural eggs that should contain natural vitamins and protein, but don't due to the genetically modified food.

George Naylar is a conventional farmer in Iowa, who produces soybeans and corn. Although George believes in natural farming, bugs are eating his livestock, which causes him to use chemical sprays to keep the bugs away. George has been farming in Iowa for a long time now as he talks about how people use to raise live stock in the area; however, Michael Pollen states that there are no farmers with live stock anymore because as quoted "large corporations changed that, and turned them into factory farms and feed lots". The demand of large amounts of food have required most farmers to switch over to growing corn and soybean since it can be mass produced with the use of GMO's and chemical sprays. Farmers are unable to obtain much money anymore by growing organic livestock with the use of the land to raise these animals. This is why many farmers such as George, have switched over to farming large quantities of crops (industrial farming) that are used as fillers in most of the products consumed by the daily American. Michael Pollen also talks about how manure is a naturally used substance to feed the soil its nutrients in aid of helping the natural food given by nature to feed the livestock. The manure that is produced in factory farms and feed lots is now just thrown and dumped into ponds. Michael states, "This creates manure lagoons full of toxic waste, hormones, and pesticides. There is no more use for natural substances to help benefit nature and farming.

Joel, who is a farmer in Virginia, does not believe in the use of monoculture farming. Joel is an example of an all-organic farmer that uses the natural elements and nutrients provided by nature, to raise his livestock in an all-natural way. He keeps a variety of animals on his farms such as chickens and cows. He moves the cows every day to mimic natural herds so that areas can re-vegetate naturally providing a cost free food source that is 100% all natural. The cows leave "mud pies" all over the farm and are then moved to a different location where then the chickens will pick out and eat the larva in the poop, feeding the chicken, and giving the soil a natural source of clean manure to help grow and vegetate the land. Joel later quotes "what we are really farming here is grass, not animals”. This is a great example of natural and healthy farming, providing healthy and nutritious food for people to consume without ever having to rely on pesticides and GMO's.

Fresh and natural farming can save a farmer a lot of money, but the quantity of the livestock or produce is not enough to meet the required amount to feed our growing population. Though it is proven to be a healthier food source, Industrial farming is the best way to produce large amounts of food that meets the supply and demand for our population. All in all we should maintain a healthy and organic way of farming but in a more proficient way, that meets the required standards and needs of our population.