Tuesday, October 14, 2014

Research exercise for Sierra Leone. Post research in Comments here. From Mike Lohre.

Our Topics:
Freetown and its unique origin story. JENN
This is an arial view of Freetown. It helps show you how large of a city it is and a feel for the terrain surrounding it.
Charles Taylor, who some call the most evil man in Africa. NATE
This Charles Taylor in his days as a Liberian Warlord and on the day of his sentencing. I like this image because I believe the look on his face in court says it all. That he knows he will never be free again
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf HAIA
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf giving a speech mentioning key political, economic and social issues affecting her country Liberia.
Mende tribe and culture BREE
The most common form of art in the Mende tribe is jewelery, masks, and headpieces.
Temne tribe and culture EMELIA
This is a picture of the inauguration of the Chief Imam Shiek Ibram Kamara of theTemne people in a social gathering to honor the ritual of the ceremony of one becoming a Chief in the Temne tribe.
Nobel Prize winner Leymah Gbowee JESS
 
What a powerful picture.  When I look at this picture, I can just feel the passion that she has for leading a women’s peace movement.  You can almost hear what she's saying and you know it comes from the heart.
The RUF rebel group MITCH
A group of RUF soldiers no older than the age of 18 smile for a picture in Sierra Leone. The age of these young men is the most striking part of the RUF because they take boys that are 12,13,14 years old and turn them into killers.
Mercenaries as a factor in the Sierra Leone civil war and Africa NICK
This is a picture of the mercenaries that helped fight the rebels in Africa. This goes along well with my reserch, and gives you an idea of what a mercenary looks like!
The Lome Peace Accord DANNY
 
This is a picture of president Kabbah(the president at the time) and a RUF leader signing the agreement. They are both looking over the documents thoroughly, making sure they didn't miss anything. They have a person in he middle who helps them with any disagreements and tries to suggest solutions.
TRC in Sierra Leone (Truth and Reconciliation Commission) KELEN

This is a picture of people in Sierra Leone coming together in the TRC to hear the brave victims tell their stories and to expose the perpetrators responsible. 
Cassava as a food source and the things you can cook or make with it CORY

Cassava is a root, native to Brazil. It is a good source of carbohydrates being the 3rd largest source in the world. It is one of the good sources Ishmael used to aid in his survival.
Climate and Geography in Sierra Leone TORI
From the palm trees you can tell that Sierra Leona has a tropical climate.  Because it is so hot during this time of year, the locals dress in minimal, thin closing to keep themselves cool.  The picture does a good job of displaying the unfortunate living style in Sierra Leone.

Religion and Economy in Sierra Leone CHANDLER
 
This picture is showing a diamond mine in Sierra Leone.  There isn't much machinery, just mostly simple tools like shovels and picks. This shows how hard the work and conditions are. This makes it difficult to produce a lot to improve their economy.
Fourah Bay College and University of Sierra Leone (higher education) JON

Fourah Bay College and University of Sierra Leone may not seem like much, but this is one of the most well-known colleges in West Africa promoting higher education on a level that students can compete in local and international job markets, and also promoting the spread of Christianity.
Child soldiers in Africa (How many? Who uses them? Methods of capture and training?) MARY
Imagine your baby boy becoming a solider at the earliest age of 7.
When children are supposed to be having fun in their neighborhood these children are playing with guns and bombs. Different world. Different playground.
Liberia and its origin story JARROD
Here is a photo of modern day liberia. As you can tell Liberia is very close to Sierra Leone, therefore, tons of refugees fled the war by heading for surrounding countries.
Joseph Cinque and Amistad revolt TONY
This picture really stands out to me as you see Joseph Cinque who is the only one standing in the court room, determined to fight for his rights and freedom. His stance shows no signs of weakness as he takes initiative of the problem in order to seek justice.
Sir Milton Margai and the SLPP NATHAN
SLPP Political Rally in Sierra Leone gathered almost 200 people to parade the streets as onlookers watch.
--You will report your research in the Comments section below this post.
--You will send an image and caption to me at mikelohre@gmail.com and I will add them to this main part of the blog so they are all in one post.

81 comments:

  1. Sierra Leone is a country located in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean. The geography of Sierra Leone consists of many plateaus and various mountain ranges. It consists of four different types of geographical regions: The coastal Guinean Mangroves, the wooded hill country, an upland plateau, and the Eastern Mountains. The climate of this area is considered to be tropical though it could also be classified as tropical monsoon climate. There are two seasons in Sierra Leone, consisting of the rainy season and the dry season. The rainy season is from May to November and the dry season is from December to May. This helps us to understand where the book is taking place and the hot climates and periods of drought that the people in this story have to endure.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I like the picture you chose and your caption was good. it really showed how unfortunate the area of Seirra Leone is and how lucky we are to live in such a developed and wealthy area that we dont live with floods and harsh temperatures..welll not too harsh in Ohio!

      Delete
    2. Despite all the terrible things happening in a long way gone, Ishmael even stops sometimes to talk about the nature in scenery of Sierra Leone. The picture you used really shows how beautiful the area really is.

      Delete
    3. I agree that knowing that there are two seasons in Sierra Leone is really helpful in understanding the type of things that Ishmael is going through, as he runs and fights for his life.

      Delete
    4. i didn't realize Sierra Leone has many different features in it. like there is a woodland and a swampy area. also its interesting how they have two reasons. D dry season and a rainy period that is 6 months long.

      Delete
    5. I liked how you gave us background information about the geography of Sierra Leone, it helped to understand what it's like there. Also, it helps us to understand where the book is taking place like you said.

      Delete
    6. You have a lot of information about sierra leone and its really helpful

      Delete
    7. It's true that the two seasons in Sierra Leone help to understand why seasons that Ishmael went through in his life. The hardships are easier to describe when looking back at what the weather could have been like. It intensifies them.

      Delete
  2. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is Liberia's first female head of state in Africa. Being a former World Bank officer, and having previously won the Noble Peace Prize, Sirleaf is putting in efforts to bring foreign investment to her nation. She is known to fight for Liberia against any dictators and its country's corruption. Her passion and commitment to hard work and good governance, supporting the rights of women and the emphasizing the importance of education is one of the many ways she is striving to make a better future for Liberia and its people.

    President Sirleaf relates to A Long Way Gone and its characters because they both want freedom and independence for themselves and their country, and also just want the best for their countries in general. Both countries have/had hardships but throughout the book they have repeatedly mentioned that they just want what their country once was, or even better.Sirleaf wants to move forward by making progressive change for her people. Both the book and president are speaking on behalf of their governments and the freedom of the people. This helps us understand the conflicts throughout the book of trying to make peace, and the cultures that represent their right to stand up for themselves.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I found this topic interesting because she was the first female president of Liberia and she had a lot to do with my topic because she is the woman that called for Charles Taylor's extradition

      Delete
  3. Charles Taylor was the 22nd president of Liberia. He was born in Liberia but received a college education at Bentley College in the United States. He then returned to Africa to work in Government under Samuel Doe who was Liberia's 21st president. In 1989 Charles Taylor overthrew the Samuel Doe government and had him killed, tortured, and drug through the streets.
    Charles Taylor told the people of Liberia to vote for him as president in 1997. During Charles Taylor's term he was accused of war crimes and was put on trial for his actions and role in the innocent deaths of the Sierra Leone Civil War which lasted from 1991-2002. He was exiled to Nigeria and in 2006 the current president Ellen Johnson Sirleaf requested his extradition.
    While on trial he was found guilty for crimes against humanity on 11 different counts. which included acts of terrorism, murder, violence to life, rape, sexual slavery, outrages upon personal dignity, enslavement, and enlisting children under the age of 15 into the armed forces. He was found guilty on all counts and received 50 years in a UK prison.
    I believe that this topic helps us understand that it is not crazy to think that these outrageous crimes don't happen still to this day. It also shows that there are truly evil people in this world.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I learned a lot about Charles Taylor from your writing and I think the most interesting thing about him was that he overthrew the previous leader by killing him.

      Delete
    2. i think its crazy how someone can have so much power and absically get away with everything they want. Its also shocking that he got charged with 11 different counts of crimes against humanity.

      Delete
    3. I really like the picture you used in showing us who Charles Taylor is. The differences in the picture really shows the different ways that Charles Taylor presented himself.

      Delete
    4. I enjoyed reading about Charles Taylor and I learned a lot about him from your writing. The most interesting thing that I learned was about the different crimes that he commited.

      Delete
    5. My man nate! great job at keeping it simple and interesting at the same time. it is crazy how he had the man interrogated, killed and then to top it off, drug through town.

      Delete
    6. I think that it is awful that they tortured and killed people like that. I don't see how a person can be a leader with all the hate that is given towards him. I can't see how a person can become that evil. Some people need to be held more accountable for their actions.

      Delete
    7. I think it so crazy how he had people killed and even had his opponent killed

      Delete
    8. The fact that he killed people shows the type of person Charles Taylor is. It reminds me of the rebels in A Long Way Gone and how they don't really care if they're killing Ishmael or his people.

      Delete
    9. Its crazy to think someone was doing these things so recently. I never heard anything about him before reading this but now I know a lot more. Its hard to believe someone like him became the leader of a country.

      Delete
  4. The RUF is a rebel army that fought in sierra Leone during the 11 year war. The Revolutionary United Fronts main objective was to mimic Charles Taylor's success in destroying the Liberian Government. The RUF promised free education and healthcare but they soon became known for the brutal acts towards civilians. They would sever limbs to try to strike fear across the country. They also practiced the use of child soldiers in which they would recruit (force) children to join their army and fight using AK-47s etc.

    In A Long Way Gone the RUF play a major role in this book because they are the reason this book is taking place. The are the main conflicts in this book because they are savages. They loot, kill, rape and pillage every single town they come across. Causing people to flee into the woods and throughout the entire country. RUF changed all these people lives because now all they have to worry about is survival. They are constantly living in fear and also knowing most people they know are missing and or killed.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Going along with your second paragraph as we read further into a long way gone this all happens to Ishmael. He is forced into fighting or die leaving. They offered him food in return. At a young age though, he should have never had to experience this. His innocence was taken.

      Delete
    2. It's true that they are the reason for what Ishmael had to go through in this part of his life. I couldn't imagine having to go through something like that at all, especially at the age he was in. They hurt anyone that gets in their way just so that they can get what they want.

      Delete
  5. Leymah Gbowee was known for her Nobel Prize accomplishments. She was awarded this Nobel Prize for her work in the year 2011. It was awarded to her to show her that her dedication on leading a women’s peace movement will never be forgotten and couldn’t be more appreciated. This movement even brought an end to the Second Liberian Civil War in 2003. Gbowee didn’t just keep this award all to herself, but she shared the prize with fellow Liberian Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Yemen-native Tawakkol Karman.

    Ellen Johnson Sirleaf served as a minister of finance. She won the 2005 presidential election and took office on 16 January 2006, and she was a successful candidate for re-election in 2011. Yemen-native Tawakkol Karman was a journalist, politician and senior member of the of Al-Islah political party and was a human activist. These women were very important when I came to what they put forth in their community. Although, when it comes to Leymah, she is a world-renown woman and when you think of WHOM this Nobel Prize is for then you automatically think of Gbowee and exactly what she did to deserve it.

    Focusing on satisfying peace, Leymah continued working on her leadership positions. Since winning the Nobel Prize she has featured on a number of international television shows, such a CNN and BBC and she has received several honorary degrees from universities. This woman is incredible and there is so much more to know about her! Let’s research it!

    ReplyDelete
  6. Mercenaries as a factor in the Sierra Leone civil war and Africa
    Mercenaries played a huge role in the Sierra Leone Civil war and in Africa in general. In Sierra Leone, many of the soldiers were forcibly recruited, and didn't have much training. Sierra Leone was called a war for diamonds, because the RUF wanted to take over the diamond mines. The soldiers that were going up against the RUF had no chance, so they realized they couldn't stop the RUF on their own. This led to them calling in mercenaries, to try and help stop the RUF from taking over. The RUF were extremely violent, and did whatever they had to do to take control, including cutting off the hands and feet of whoever stood in their way. When the first set of mercenaries got to Sierra Leone, they had to hurry up because a lot of damage had already been done. When they got there, they had a battle with the RUF's, and brought with them two BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicles and an Mi-24 (Hind) helicopter gunship. This helped them with their first win over the RUF, and eventually, the mines were recaptured by the mercenaries, and the RUF were all ran out. The mercenaries played a huge role in helping the soldiers in the Sierra Leone civil war help defeat the RUF.
    Mercenaries also played a big role in Africa in general. They helped soldiers bring down rebels that were terrorizing people, and helped bring people peace. There is still a lot of anarchy with rebels in Africa, but without the mercenaries there helping out; things would be a lot worse.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. The part about soldiers who are forcibly recruited without much training relates directly to Ismael's story. The mercenaries basically told them join us or die leaving. They joined without much training and went straight into war.

      Delete
    2. I find it really interesting that they whole war was started over diamonds. I know they are valuable but that's way to extreme to be going around and shooting innocent people because of your greed for wealth. I also liked how you included the ammunition they brought a long with them.

      Delete
    3. I think that it is terrible that thy were cutting off the feat of people that got in the way. It was interesting to find out what kind of things Mercenaries did. They help with a lot of things such as bringing down rebels.

      Delete
  7. In Sierra Leone, they follow a religious freedom policy. The largest followed religion is Islam with 71%. The next largest religion is Christianity with 27%. The other 2% are other various smaller religions. Of the Christians, most of them are Protestants but a few are Catholics. The Muslims are mostly located in the north while the Christians are mostly in the southern part of Sierra Leone. The economy in Sierra Leone is very poor. It doesn't have many economic resources to bring in revenue. It mostly relies on mining diamond and gold and agriculture. Nearly two-third of the population is involved in agriculture. The main crops they produce are rice and cassava. Since, the country's civil war ended in 2002, the GDP has been slowly growing by an estimated 4% to 7% each year. The civil war hurt the country because most of the livestock was killed and the workers were fighting in the war. Its GDP in 2012 was 8.4 billion US dollars. The currency in Sierra Leone is a leone. One US dollar is equivalent to 4,385.50 leones. Leones come in the form of coins and banknotes and credit cards in Sierra Leone are rarely accepted but mostly just in the capital, Freetown.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I thought it was crazy when you said that two thirds of the population was involoved in agriculture. I also thought it was interesting how 4,385 leones were only one US dollar. This is mind blowing to me, and I can't imagine using that high of a number for a small item.

      Delete
    2. As my topic I researched Fourah Bay College and The University of Sierra Leone, and I found it surprising that the most well-known college actually promotes Christianity even though the biggest religion is Islamic. Even with the recent civil war, its good to hear that they are slowly recovering.

      Delete
    3. It was really interesting to read about the currency differences. Also I thought that it was amazing that two thirds of the population did agriculture. I now know that it really effected them because the war killed their livestock.

      Delete
    4. this is a very interesting topic because Sierra Leone is known for being a country that exports a lot of blood diamonds. Its also amazing how two thirds of the country is involved in agriculture

      Delete
  8. The Temne tribe in Seirra Leone makes up about 35% of the population and is the largest ethnic group in the area. The typical Temne tribe members are rice farmers, fisherman, and merchant traders. The basis of the Temne culture revolves mostly around the paramount chiefs which are the highest form of a political leader in a country. They have very sacred and spiritual rituals that focus on the coronation and the deaths of these chiefs.The Temne people speak the language Temne which is one of the major trading languages in Northern Seirra Leone, about 40% of Seirra Leone's population speaks Temne. This helps when the Temne people trade with other countries or tribes. Most farming involves growing wet rice among other things like cassava from inland swamps and ponds. Most Temne people are Muslins (85%) and combine their religious faith with that of traditional African religious beliefs and practices. They pride themselves on individualism, hard work, and personal initiative.

    In A Long Way Gone, the two main tribes that are brought up are the Temne and Mende tribes in Seirra Leone. Because of this research we can understand a little bit more about the cultures of the people we are reading about. There are many times where the boys have to communicate with people or come in contact with people who are and speak Temne or Mende. This is a big part of the story because it is the culture, of which the characters who bring this story to life, come from.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Its crazy that in such a small area they have two different tribes that speak many different languages as their first language. like you said in the book, it becomes confusing when they are confronted by different people.

      Delete
    2. I completely agree with you on how knowing background on the two main tribes we come into contact with in the book helps a lot with reading it. And really better understanding how much the conflict changes the tribe and its people. I also really like all the statistics that you used to identify the tribes and their languages.

      Delete
    3. I never realized how diverse the Sierra Leone area is. Your post really helps give a sense of how things use to work and function before the rebels attacked and turned everything in that region into ruins.

      Delete
  9. The Lome Peace Accord was an agreement that took place in the year of 1997. This agreement was created by President Kabbah. He really wanted peace in the Sierra Leon so he was willing to make some sacrifices. There was another man named Sankoh who wanted to gain power. Kabbah and Sankoh agreed on a cease fire in Lome. These disagreements had been going on for a decade.
    The RUF wanted a four-year Transitional Government of National unity to be formed with Sankoh as its vice president. They did not grant Sankoh the vice president position. What they did is they allowed them to form a political party in 2001. The Lome Peace agreement included thirty-seven articles and five annexes. Within this it included commitments to end hostilities. They wanted to reestablish the Commission for the Consolidation of Peace. Sankoh was offered chairmanship of the Commission for the Management of Strategic Resources, National Reconstruction, and Development, which was to have the status of vice president. After the agreement many of the civilians came out looking for food. The second highest RUF member, Sam Brockarie refused to disarm. After the agreement there were still many rebel groups that were making life difficult for innocent civilians.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Its crazy that even after all of the efforts that Sankoh and Presidant Kabbah did, the rebels still were making life difficult for others. Even with the 37articles and 5 annexes, it still wasnt enough.

      Delete
    2. From your blog, I learned a lot about the Lome Peace Accord and exactly what it's about. The most interesting thing that I took from your writing is when you said "After the agreenment, there were still many rebel groups that were making life difficult for innocent civilians."

      Delete
    3. this is a very interesting topic because it shows how the RUF dominates and instills fear in the many civilians of Sierra Leone

      Delete
  10. In 1787, the land that is now known as Freetown, Sierra Leone, was used in a plan called The Province of Freedom. The plan consisted of have London's "Black Poor" settle in Sierra Leone. On May 15, 1787 those from London arrived with English tradesmen.Many of those categorized as the "Black Poor", were African Americans who were given their freedom by joining the British Army during the American Revolution. As well as African, Asian and West Indians who lived in London. The land in which they settled, was rumored to be a former slave market but was bought from Koya Temne tribe.The Europeans assumed that the agreement meant permanent settlement while the people of the tribe did not see it that way. Historians believe that the Koya Temne didn't fully know what they were agreeing to.This later on lead to fighting over the land and in 1789 the settlement was burnt to the ground by members of the tribe.
    In 1791, Thomas Peters one of the original settlers traveled to communicate how unfertile of the land they were given was and the discrimination they were facing. Peters then worked with The Sierra Leone Company to recruit more settlers in Sierra Leone.It was meant for former American slaves to obtain "freedom". When they arrived the women and children stayed on the ship while the men settlers cleared the land that would be used for their settlement. They cleared it until they reached a large cotton tree. The settlers then prayed under the tree and christened the newly settled colony, Freetown.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I really like your paragraph it was really full of information about the history of the land

      Delete
    2. I really enjoyed the origin story of Freetown. I never would of guessed that that was how it was founded. I also really like the picture that you chose and I agree that it shows how big it actually is.

      Delete
  11. Cassava is very important source of carbohydrates, actually being the 3rd largest in the tropics. It has many different names including yucca and manioc in different places and cultures but as used in, a long way gone we will call it cassava. It is a woody shrub of the Euphorbiaceae family and is very drought-tolerant which helps a lot in Africa as they have very dry and hot seasons, allowing for it to almost always be available. It can be very sweet or bitter tasting. Being almost like a potatoes, there are many different recipes to eat it with. It can be made into yucca fries or made into bread. Anything you can do with a potato you can do with cassava. This is important because it’s almost part of any diet and is a major source of food in a long way gone.It is a nutritious starch.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Cassava sounds very interesting, and i didn't picture it being a woody shrub when I first heard about it. I think it's interesting that it's like a potato, and think it's cool that you can do so much with it. I think it would be cool to try it someday!

      Delete
    2. its understand a lot more now knowing what cassava is in a long way gone cause of your research.I think its very cool what you can do with it an i really didn't picture it as a woody shrub.

      Delete
    3. I agree with your statement of it being a major importance in the book A Long Way Gone. Ishmael talks about eating cassava a lot which is important because it is usually the only main source of food that he can find throughout the book so far. Also great analogy of comparing it to a potato, it really helped give me a better sense and understanding of what the food source is.

      Delete
    4. Thats really interesting that they get their carbohydrates from a root. I also find the taste of it to be interesting, the fact that it can be sweet or bitter and cooks like a potato is odd.

      Delete
    5. I was very intrigued to find out what cassava was. I can't believe that it is the 3rd largest in the tropics. Another thing that I did not know was that they are like potatoes. I want to try yucca fries, they sound delicious.

      Delete
    6. I had no idea what this plant was while reading the book, but now that I found out that it can survive droughts, I can see why they had so many of them to eat. Also reading other research found out that cassava and rice are their only two main crops they grow.

      Delete
    7. Eating Cassava sounds like it wouldn't be good at all. I feel bad that this was one of the few sources for food that they children had available to them.

      Delete
    8. I found this topic to be very interesting because we are learning about this in my African American studies class and one of the books we are reading mentioned cassava multiple times. It's also awesome how cassava is drought tolerant to fit perfectly in Africa's climate

      Delete
    9. After reading your blog and learning what cassava actually is, it made a lot more sense in A Long Way Gone. I now know why Ishmael kept eating so much of it throughout his journey and the weather he went through.

      Delete
    10. I had never heard of cassava before reading A Long Way Gone. Now that I know what it is and what it looks like it makes a lot more sense. I didn't picture it to look like a potato.

      Delete
  12. Fourah Bay College was founded February 18, 1887 and is a constituent college of the University of Sierra Leone, and was previously affiliated with Durham University. In 1960 it was grated Royal Charter to become the Fourah Bay College. Fourah Bay College and The University of Sierra Leone is the oldest university in West Africa, and also the first college to have a western style to their university. The Fourah Bay College promotes Christianity and higher education so that all students that enter may be able to compete in job markets locally and internationally.
    Before located on Mount Aureol, overlooking Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone, Fourah Bay College was located at Cline Town, on the East End of Freetown, and then as a result of world war II Mabang in the Northern Province.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I think it's interesting how this college is the oldest university in West Africa. I also think it's cool how they set it up so students that attend this college can be involoved in jobs both locally and internationally!

      Delete
    2. This is a great opportunity for kids to get an education through this college, it is so important that it was created so that even those in less fortunate areas of the world can get a higher education and potentially get a job in the future and make a better life for themselves.

      Delete
    3. In your post you say that the Fourah Bay College promostes higher education, which is a great standard to give and set for the kids. It aids in a better future for all that attend this University and promotes a brighter future for Africa.

      Delete
  13. Joseph Cinque was one of 53 West African slaves that were illegally captured and sent off to Cuba in 1840. Joseph was aboard the Amistad ship where he led a revolt and took over the sailing ship. He demanded for the ship to turn around and head back to Africa. The sailors tricked Joseph and sailed to New York instead; there the New Yorkers were lied to and told that the West Africans were Cuban born and imprisoned. International slave trading was outlawed at the time. Once the truth was finally discovered, a man by the name of John Quincy Adams who is not an advocate for abolition, decided to step in. Not only was he a former president, but he also believed in the Principles of the Declaration of Independence. John took this case to the Supreme Court where he won, allowing the slaves to return to West Africa and not Cuba. Without any money, Joseph and the rest of the living slaves lived in Connecticut where they would wait until they had enough money to return to Sierra Leone. After a fund-raising effort, Joseph and the 34 remaining survivors left for West Africa on November 25th 1841, with the help of James Covey and five other missionaries. Joseph made it home where he returned to his village. This story of Joseph relates to Ishmael as they both fought for justice and freedom. Ishmael has also been violated and taken away from his home, eventually fighting back against the rebels to retrieve justice. Both Joseph and Ishmael refuse to give up as they endure the pain of wrong doings, in order to reach solidarity and freedom.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. The fact that Josephs case was taken to the supreme court and won is truly amazing. What he is did with his fundraiser for the other slaves was really inspirational.

      Delete
  14. TRC in Sierra Leone is the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. It was established as a condition of the Lome Peace Accord. The idea was to show all of the horrible things that happened in Sierra Leone in 1991, and to out all the people responsible. It is important because it includes names of "individual perpetrators and recommendations for the government moving forward." Sierra Leoneans can look at their own role in all the violence and conflict, and as the website states, "It is only through generating such understanding that the horrors of the past can be prevented from occurring again."

    This topic helps us to understand the conflict and the violence of what happened to Ishmael Beah is only one account of what happened in Sierra Leone. There are many more stories of survivors and some of them can be heard at TRC's website sierraleonetrc.org. It shows that through hard work and help from all over, conflict ended and perpetrators were brought to light by their victims and family members. Friends that fell to the violence and devastating of the conflict were remembered by their loved ones. There is a quote on the website from the poem “I Saw” By Mohamed Sekoya, and it is “I pray to never to see again what I saw in my beloved Sierra Leone.” I believe that it is a good quote that pretty much sums up what most people are feeling.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. What happened in Sierra Leone was truly awful and the Truth and Reconciliation Comission does a good job to help us remember what happened and all of the loved ones that were lost.

      Delete
  15. Child soldiers have been an ongoing problem in locations of Africa for many years. Some websites said that it is estimated that almost 300,000 children are used in the armed forces around the world. Even though this is happening all over the world, most of the child soldiers are located in Africa. "In over twenty countries around the world, children are direct participants in war. Denied a childhood and often subjected to horrific violence, an estimated 200,000 to 300,000 children are serving as soldiers for both rebel groups and government forces in current armed conflicts" This has been an ongoing event for many countries not only Africa.Imagine your baby boy becoming a solider at the earliest age of 7. When children are supposed to be having fun in their neighborhood these children are playing with guns and bombs. Different world. Different playground. It's a completely different world that they live in. I was able to grow up normally and be a kid. These children don't even know the difference because that's all they know.
    "Africa in April 1997, proposed that African Governments should adopt and ratify the Optional protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict raising the minimum age from 15 to 18, and that African Governments should ratify and implement other pertinent treaties and incorporate them into national law."

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I really like the picture you chose and the caption you wrote for it, it really hits home because it makes you think if you had a little brother or a son who became a child soldier at a young age and how awful and excruciating it would be to live with that and know they are being trained to be killers.

      Delete
    2. I can't believe that there are 300,000 children that are used in the armed forces around the world! This is something we never really think of, and don't realize that it's going on right now. I feel lucky that this is something that I never had to go through in my life!

      Delete
    3. i had no clue that there are that many child soldiers. also i didnt know that 20 other countries used them. also your picture is striking because it is just like a little brother being out there.

      Delete
    4. The idea of having child soldiers in the world are incredibly sad. I can't believe that there around 300,000 children out there doing the unthinkable. I feel very blessed reading this that I was able to have such a great childhood.

      Delete
    5. I can't bring myself to believe that about 300,000 children are out there fighting in the war, that is just crazy to think about! I hope that this number decreases one day!

      Delete
    6. I was completely unaware that 300,000 children are soldiers around the world. This post made me realize how lucky I am to live the life that I am. Also you did an extremely well job on your picture and caption, your caption really brings out the emotion and pain that goes along with the picture.

      Delete
    7. Your picture really hit deep and your paragraph was very eye opening and it amazes me how many small children are out there doing something so dangerous. so sad :(

      Delete
    8. I had a general idea of how many kids were soldiers in Africa, but 300,000? that's crazy! I thinks its kind of suspect how the government also uses child soldiers.

      Delete
    9. I never thought there were as many as 300,000 child soldiers! Its crazy they force them into it and start some at the age of 7. I could never imagine being in that situation at that age.

      Delete
  16. The Mende tribe is a tribe of peoplewho inhabit mainly the eastern and southern province of sierra leone. The mende are mostly farmers and hunters. Theyhsve secret socitites which are split with one for men and one for women. They initiate the young in the tribe into adulthood in these socities. The biggest sin they can do is to give away their secrets. Not all people join these secret socitities. Much of their art is primarily jewelery and carvings. They make bracelets, necklaces, arm bands, and earrings. Masks are also significant in their culture. They are to convey the duality of humans. Where you are in the flesh living mortally but you also have a spirit that lives forever. When a girl is inititated to the Sande society they make a mask special just for her. White is the color of the Sande society because it signifies purity. Hair is also a big part in the image of a woman, it is their biggest sign of femininity.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. That's cool that they have secret societies split for men and women. Also, very interesting that their biggest sins are giving away their secrets.

      Delete
    2. After reading the book, I can definitely tell that most of the tribes in Africa focus a lot on the life after death, the spirit world. I find it very interesting on how they are secretive about their lives, it makes you want to learn more about their culture.

      Delete
    3. i thought it was kind of cool how their main source of art in their culture is jewelry.

      Delete
    4. Its interesting how one of their biggest sins is giving away their secrets. I guess it makes sense because they have secret societies too.

      Delete
  17. Liberia and Its Origin Story:
    An African American Quaker, and maritime entrepreneur Paul Cuffee financed a successfully voyaged to help establish a small group of African Americans to Sierra Leone in 1815. He envisioned the new colony of westernized African Americans who would return to Africa to educate people. He firmly believed that African Americans could more easily rise as a people in Africa rather than America due to ethnic persecution and inequality in the American system.
    After the death of Paul Cuffee in 1817, the American Colonization Society (ACS) was formed to help freed African American who were willing to volunteer settle in Africa. The first settlers colonized in a place called Sherbo. There was an extremely high death rate amongst these first settlers because the land consisted mostly of swamps an unhealthy weather. With the help of a U.S. Lieutenant the settlers went and brought land up north from natives.
    Later on President Lincoln offered to recognize Liberia as a new country. Early settlers tried to keep their westernized culture; however, due to different surrounding native cultures, it has become a somewhat diverse population. Today only about 5 % of the populations are decedents from early freed African American slaves.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I didn't realize Paul Cuffee did so much to help develop Liberia and help them start a life of their own. I find it disappointing that now only 5% of the population are early freed African American slaves.

      Delete
  18. SLPP stands for The Sierra Leone People's Part. SLPP was responsible for winning Sierra Leone's independence from colonial Great Brittan by way of peaceful negotiations. SLPP became a social democratic party and one of the two major political parties in Sierra Leone along with the All Peoples Congress (APC). Sir Milton Margai was the first leader of and founder of SlPP. Margai was Prime Minister of Sierra Leone from 1961 till 1964 until he passed away of natural causes.

    ReplyDelete

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.